Adding Bootstrap to an UnderScores Theme

In this article, we will be discussing how to add Bootstrap by Twitter to an Underscores.me WordPress Theme! There is much to be desired from this simple combination, and for most it is a great place to start for creating you own custom WordPress Theme. This article will expect that you understand the folder and file structure of a WordPress site, as well as the multiple different hooks and functions found in a WordPress Theme’s function.php file.

Add Underscores Theme Template

First we will need to download our theme template by going to Underscores.me and generating the base theme. Feel free to name your theme during this step as well!

home page of underscores.me

Now that your Underscores Theme is downloaded, head over to the backend of your WordPress website. Once logged in, go to “Appearance” -> “Themes”, click the “Add New” button and then the “Upload Theme” button located around the top of the page. Select the previously downloaded .zip file from Underscores and click “Install Now”. All that should be left is to “Activate” your new blank and almost formate-less theme.

Theme section of a WordPress webstie

Download & Add Bootstrap

Now that we have your Underscores.me theme added and activated, its time to download and add our Bootstrap files! Go to getBootstrap.com click on the “Download” button located at the top right of the page, then download the files under the section titles “Compiled CSS and JS”.

download Bootstrap

open the downloaded .zip file “bootstrap-{version #}-dist.zip”, and rename the extracted folder to “bootstrap”. placed the newly renamed folder inside of your newly added underscores theme folder. This will be located: WordPress (Root Folder) -> wp-content (folder) -> themes (folder) -> {underscores theme name} (folder) – place the “bootstrap” (folder) here.

File Order

Connecting Bootstrap to Underscores Theme

Now that Bootstrap is located inside of your Underscore.me Theme, its time to hook them together. Open your function.php file located in your Underscores.me Theme folder. Add the following code in the to the style enqueuing function located around line:145


// Adding Bootstrap to the Theme - Start

wp_enqueue_style( 'bootstrap-style', get_template_directory_uri() . '/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css' );
wp_enqueue_script( 'bootstrap-js' , get_template_directory_uri() . '/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js', array('jquery') );

// Adding Bootstrap to the Theme - Start

Example of a completed function.php file:

Save the function.php and you are all done! Now all that is left is to enjoy creating a custom WordPress theme!

Disable Comments on Media

Comments can be a great way to interact with your Users and add some personality to your website by including your them in the conversation. However, you may not need the comments section for all features on your site.

In this article we will be focusing on how to remove the comment section from WordPress “Media” content

Where Are We Disabling Comments…?

The specific place we will be removing comments can be found through the following steps:

  1. Log into the backend of you WordPress Website
  2. Go to the “Media Library”
  3. Click on one of the media sources located in the “Media Library”
  4. Open the link titled “View attachment page”

steps 2-3

step 4

How To Disable Comments on Media

Go to the functions.php file located in the Theme folder of your WordPress website.

Add the following code to the bottom the the functions.php file:


function filter_media_comment_status( $open, $post_id ) {
$post = get_post( $post_id );
if( $post->post_type == 'attachment' ) {
return false;
}
return $open;
}
add_filter( 'comments_open', 'filter_media_comment_status', 10 , 2 );

Now sit back and relax knowing no one will be commenting on your Media anymore!

How To Increase Maximum File Upload Size in WordPress

Are you looking to increase the maximum file size you’re able to upload to your WordPress Site? Sometimes the default settings might not be enough to handle the uploads you are looking to make. Whether you’re looking to upload larger images, new plugins, or large theme files, having control over the size limit is an important skill to have. Now let’s dive into how to increase the maximum file upload size in WordPress.

***This is a intermediate skill and REQUIRES some WordPress, File Structure, and FTP Access***

These solutions may also not work with some shared host, however contacting you hosting service provider for support should solve your problem. Also, these are solutions that have been found successful in a number of unique situations, however do note that these solutions do not account for all possible situations.

First Let’s Check Your CURRENT Max File Upload Size

WordPress will automatically show you the current maximum file limit in the “”Media” area of you Admin Dashboard. To find the maximum upload file size go to Admin Dashboard >> Media >> Add New.

1. Editing the Theme Functions File

In some instance all you need to do is copy and paste the following code to your functions.php file. If you want a different size limit, Change ’64M’ to the appropriate amount, example: ‘128M’ . You can get to this file by: Admin Dashboard >> Appearance >> Theme Editor >> Select File “Functions.php”

@ini_set( 'upload_max_size' , '64M' );
@ini_set( 'post_max_size', '64M');
@ini_set( 'max_execution_time', '300' );

Through ini_set(); we can access our PHP configurations and re-write them to suit our needs

2. Creating / Editing a php.ini File

For this next method you will need to have access to your website’s root folder, whether it be through FTP or some other File Managment App

When in your root folder look for a file called “php.ini” this is a configuration file for your site. If you Do NOT see a “php.ini” file please create a blank file called “php.ini”. Once inside this file, whether the file is brand new or old, add the following code to it.

upload_max_filesize = 64M
post_max_size = 64M
max_execution_time = 300

Now that the code is in your file, save and check your site. If you are adding this code to an existing php.ini file search through the file, should be fairly small, and make sure that the code you have copy and pasted into this file is not located any where else. If so delete the code with the incorrect values.

3. Editing the .htaccess File

This last and final method involves editing the .htaccess file that is found in the root folder of your website.

Open the file and copy and paste the following code:

php_value upload_max_filesize 64M
php_value post_max_size 64M
php_value max_execution_time 300
php_value max_input_time 300

Again it is important to note that these methods have worked well for a lot of different websites in a lot different situation, however the 3 methods above can not account for all possible development environments. If you are on a shared hosting package I highly suggest contacting your web hosting provider and discuss increasing the limit for you first.

Hope this article has helped you along your way and has improved your site!